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Understanding the Link Between Medications and Oral Health

23 Aug

Many people are unaware that their prescription medications affect their oral health. Dry mouth is a common side effect of medications that control high blood pressure, treat incontinence, or help patients with Parkinson’s disease. Anti-depressants, antihistamines, and muscle relaxers also cause dry mouth. When visiting a dentist like Richard Petrilli, DMD, PA, it is important for the patient to bring a list of all current medications.

With dry mouth, the lack of saliva causes tissue to dry out and become inflamed. This puts the patient at a higher risk of developing an infection. Liquid suspensions often contain sugars that increases the risk of tooth decay. Frequently rinsing the mouth helps reduce the risk, but it is imperative to see a dentist twice a year.

Richard Petrilli, DMD, PA, serves patients in the central Florida region. His practice covers both cosmetic and general dentistry procedures.


The Progression of Untreated Periodontal Disease

17 Jul

Focusing on providing individualized care to patients at his Apopka, Florida private practice, Richard Petrilli, DMD, PA, makes patient education a top priority. One condition that Richard Petrilli, DMD, PA, is vigilant about helping patients prevent is periodontal disease.

Periodontal disease is the inflammation and eventual breakdown of the gums and other tissues that support the teeth. This condition begins with plaque, a sticky, bacteria-filled film that naturally coats the teeth and gums. The oral bacteria inflames the gums if not removed with regular brushing and flossing. This inflammation is the earliest form of periodontal disease called gingivitis, and it is reversible with good oral hygiene at home and regular, professional dental cleanings.

Plaque left on the teeth for too long will eventually harden and turn into tartar, which breaks the bond between the gums and teeth. Pockets then form along the gumline, where oral bacteria collect, infecting and eroding the gum tissues and eventually the underlying bone. This causes sores, bleeding gums, and bad breath in addition to loosening the teeth. Once periodontal pockets form, the patient has full-blown periodontal disease. The condition is chronic, but symptoms can be managed to halt the progression of the disease and prevent tooth loss.

Richard Petrilli, DMD, PA – Dental Crown Q&A

27 Jun

A graduate of the University of Florida College of Dentistry, Richard Petrilli, DMD, PA, possesses expertise in general and cosmetic dental procedures. Richard Petrilli, DMD, PA, is skilled at placing dental crowns that are both functional and aesthetically pleasing.

What is a dental crown?

A dental crown is a tooth restoration that completely covers a tooth. Crowns help to rebuild the structure and restore the appearance of damaged teeth.

How is a dental crown made?

The crown is constructed outside of the mouth in a dental laboratory. Then, the crown is placed over the affected tooth and is bonded to the tooth with a strong dental cement.

Which dental issues require crowns?

Typically, crowns are used when tooth decay is too extensive to be treated with a filling effectively. After a root canal has been performed on a tooth, the tooth usually is affixed with a crown to provide added strength and protection to the tooth. Crowns also may be fitted to hold bridges in place, cover cosmetic imperfections, or keep a deeply cracked tooth intact.

Which materials are used to construct dental crowns?

Crowns can be made entirely of metal or porcelain, or they can have a metal base that is covered with ceramic materials. The latter, a more durable option than an all-ceramic crown, often is used on molars and to construct dental bridges.